|Group of Warriors, Rinconda Canyon|
Home to over 24,000 petroglyphs, this 17-mile wide monument (established in June 1990) is located in western side of Albuquerque, New Mexico. The monument is managed by the National Park Service and cooperation with the City of Albuquerque. The western boundary features a chain of dormant volcanoes; Butte volcano in the northwest corner and to its south the Bond, Vulcan, Black and JA volcanoes.
Petroglyph National Monument also protects a variety of archeological sites and an estimated 24,000 petroglyphs carved by Ancestral Pueblo peoples and early Spanish settlers. Most of the glyphs are recognizable as animals and people, but the more complex ones are obscure and their meaning is only understood by the artist that carved them centuries ago.
|Jose-Pierre Estrada on top of JA Volcano, Petroglyph National Monument|
|Vulcan Volcano, Petroglyph National Monument|
|Spirals and Hands, Rinconada Canyon|
Two thousand or more years ago, hunter-gatherers began etching their circles, "squiggly" lines, and other curvilinear abstract symbols. They are among the oldest petroglyphs in the area and are dated as far back to the Archaic period. As time goes by, the rock art begins to be more geometric and more iconic to depict beings such as shamans and have more symbolic meaning.
More recent petroglyphs reflect the Rio Grande Style starting around 1300 CE, when Puebloan ancestors began emigrating from the Four Corners Region. The style includes human figures such as flute players and dancers, to masked figures and animals such as serpents, birds, big horn sheep, and mountain lions. Proof of their relations is some of the petroglyphs designs match those appearing on pottery such as those associated with Pueblo 1 culture.
Spanish colonists had an impact on the native soceities when they arrived in the late 17th century. spanish authorities repressed Pueblo religious life and rituals. Occasionaly Spanish markings, the Christian cross, were etched along the natives glyphs as they believed to have evil effects or relation to pagan symbols.
|Cross Petroglyph, Boca Negra Trail|
|Human Figure & Spiral Sun, Boca Negra Trail|
|Snake & Family of Armadillos or Big Horn Sheep (?), Rinconada Canyon|
|Mountain Lion, Rinconada Canyon|
|Facing Birds, Drum (?) & Star, Boca Negra Trail|
|Spiral, possibly a Maze, Rinconada Canyon|
|God of Death carved on rock edge, Rinconada Canyon|
|Double Spiral & Animals, Rinconada Canyon|
|The crew attempting to decipher petroglyphs...|
|Mosaic of Petroglyphs, Rinconada Canyon|
|Turtle or Person (?), Rinconada Canyon|
|Shield, Rinconada Canyon|
|Shield with Stars or Planetarium, Boca Negra Trail|
|Mountain Lion, Boca Negra Trail|
|Unknown Symbol, Boca Negra Trail|
This October we plan on visiting one final petroglyph trail and we will add more photos and a video... Stay tuned!
For Further Viewing
Please visit our Google Plus album to view all of our photos of Petroglyph National Monument taken during September 2012 :: View album>>
Petroglyph National Monument photos by Melanie E Magdalena are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org for commercial permission.